Pierre Azéma (Montpellier, 1891 – 1967) was an active member of the Occitan movement. He founded La Lauseta theatre troupe in 1912, becoming its president in 1940. In 1929 he was nominated Majoral (Guardian) du Félibrige. The Félibrige was a literary association founded in 1854 to promote the Occitan language. Azéma was elected to the city council and became deputy mayor, in charge of culture, in 1935. He was deeply concerned by the preservation of regional heritage and was the president (1935 - 1939) of Escola dau Parage school founded in 1875, devoted to maintaining the Montpellier dialect and keeping the Occitan language alive. He was also president of the Institute for Occitan studies (1957 - 1959). He wrote the plays Jout un balcoun (Under a balcony), 1911), Lou Ciclopa (The Cyclops, 1926) as well as À boulet rouge (1930) a collection of articles and many literary essays. His Occitan sayings were collected and published in 1998 by François Pic in Azema Pèire, Charradissas Occitanas sus Radio-Montpellier 1927-1956.
As deputy in charge of culture in Montpellier he was highly involved in the Musée Fabre events. He bequeathed his personal archive to the museum (documents from 1902 - 1956 concerning exhibitions, purchases, the school of Fine Arts, letters to artists...)